Candi Wukir, Simbol Kejayaan Raja Sanjaya

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ARCHIPELAGO – Ada rasa sedikit cemas saat mendung menggantung di langit Magelang mengiringi perjalanan menuju Candi Gunung Wukir setelah melakukan pencarian Candi Banon yang terletak di dekat Candi Borobudur. Kekhawatiran untuk bisa sampai di Situs ini jika hujan turun adalah karena Letak Candi Gunung Wukir yang berada kurang lebih 1 km dari pemukiman dan harus jalan kaki menerobos hutan bambu serta melewati pematang sawah dengan kondisi jalan tanah setapak dan menanjak dan licin jika hujan.

Candi Wukir

“Candi Gunung Wukir yang berada di Dusun Canggal, Desa Kadiluwih, kecamatan salam, kabupaten Magelang, Jawa tengah ini dikenal sebagai Candi tertua di Indonesia”, demikian dikatakan Putra, Juru Pelihara candi. Dikatakannya, candi tersebut sebagai candi tertua disebabkan pada tahun 1879 di area candi yang berukuran 50×50 m ditemukan sebagian dari patahan prasati Canggal yang mempunyai Candrasengkala berbunyi Sruti Indriya Rasa.

Candra sengkala ini bermakna angka tahun, dimana sruti = 4, Indriya = 5 dan Rasa = 6. Jika dibaca dari belakang adalah angka 654 yang berarti 654 saka atau 732 masehi. Sementara sebagian patahan lainnya di temukan di lereng bukit dekat sungai. Prasati Canggal ditulis dalam aksara Palawa dan Bahasa Sansekerta yang sekarang berada di Museum Nasional, Jakarta.

Situs Candi Wukir yang terjaga hingga kini.

Dari isi Prasasti Canggal, diketahui bahwa Raja Sanjaya, yang gagah berani menaklukkan raja-raja sekelilingnya bagaikan “Raghu” mendirikan sebuah lingga di bukit sthirangga untuk keselamatan rakyat dan Berdasarkan prasasti ini, nama candi tempat raja Sanjaya mendirikan lingga adalah Shiwalingga atau Kunjara kunja. Masyarakat sekitar menyebutnya Candi Gunung Wukir karena tidak mengetahui nama asli candi tersebut yang berada di Gunung Wukir.

Perjalanan Menuju Candi wukir dari lokasi Candi Banon di Borobudur hanya membutukan waktu 30 menit dengan jarak tempuh 15 Km dengan kondisi jalan aspal yang mulus. Setelah melewati SMP negeri 2 Salam, maka di sebelah kanan akan ada petunjuk arah ke Candi Gunung Wukir. Dari papan petunjuk, kurang lebih 2-3 menit akan sampai di perkampungan penduduk. Jalan perkampungan sudah dipaving. Karena harus berjalan kaki menuju Candi, maka mobil diparkir di halaman rumah penduduk.

Kumpulan batu yang ditemukan di sekitar Candi Wukir

Dengan diantar salah satu penduduk Dusun Canggal (Budi), Perjalanan ke Candi Wukir dari dusun yang hanya membutuhkan waktu 20 menit, namun harus melewati jalan setapak yang menanjak di hutan bambu, dan sawah ini menjadi menyenangkan, karena berbagai informasi tentang candi Wukir dari penduduk dusun dapat digali.

Candi Gunung Wukir, meskipun letaknya berada di ketinggian 300 mdpl, tidak sedikit wisatawan yang datang untuk mengunjunginya, tambah Budi saat menjelaskan jumlah wisatawan yang berkunjung ke Candi Gunung Wukir.

Candi Gunung Wukir adalah Candi Hindu Shiwa. Di dalam area Candi , terdapat 1 Candi Induk yang menghadap Timur, dimana di dalam Candi Induk Yang bagian atapnya sudah tidak ada, terdapat Yoni yang ukurannya lebih besar dari yoni pada umumnya. Di bagian bawah cerat yoni masih terlihat relief ular naga walau sudah tidak utuh.

Di depan candi induk terdapat 3 candi pewara yang juga kondisinya tidak jauh berbeda dengan kondisi candi Induk yang tidak beratap dan tersisa kaki candi. Ketiga candi pewara ini menghadap barat. Didalam candi Pewara 1, juga terdapat 1 yoni. Dan Di Candi Pewara 2 terdapat 1 patung Nandi. Sedangkan di Candi pewara 3, kosong.

Candi Wukir yang merupakan simbol kejayaan Raja Sanjaya.

Hiasan Kala yang ada di Candi Induk dari Candi Gunung Wukir, ternyata masih ada meski atap dari candi Induk Candi Gunung Wukir, sebagai tempat meletakkan hiasan kala tersebut sudah tidak ada. Namun masih bisa dilihat bentuk kala nya tidak begitu menyeramkan. Hiasan kala candi Gunung Wukir disimpan di Pos Sekuriti Candi. Disimpan disana karena Hiasan kala candi ini dikhawatirkan diambil orang yang tidak bertanggungjawab.(MOKO)

ENGLISH VERSIONS:

Wukir Temple, the Symbol of King Sanjaya’s Glory

The Wukir Temple, the symbol of King Sanjaya.

ARCHIPELAGO – There was a bit of anxiety when the clouds hung in the sky of Magelang accompanying the journey to Gunung Wukir Temple after searching for Banon Temple, which is located near the Borobudur Temple. Concerns about being able to arrive at this site if the rain falls is because of the location of the Gunung Wukir Temple which is approximately 1 km from the settlement and must walk through the bamboo forest and pass through the rice fields with path conditions and uphill and slippery.

“The Gunung Wukir Temple in Canggal Hamlet, Kadiluwih Village, Salam Subdistrict, Magelang District, Central Java is known as the oldest temple in Indonesia”, said Putra, the temple security. He said, the temple was the oldest temple caused in 1879 in the area of ​​the temple that measuring 50×50 m was found partly from the Canggal prasati fault which had Candrasengkala that sounded Sruti Indriya Rasa.

We have to pass through slippery path if we want to go to Wukir Temple.

This Candra sengkala means the number of years, where sruti = 4, Indriya = 5 and Rasa = 6. If you read from behind it is the number 654 which means 654 saka or 732 BC. While some other faults were found on the hillside near the river. Canggal Prasati is written in the Palawa script and Sanskrit Language which is now at the National Museum, Jakarta.

From the contents of the Canggal Inscription, it is known that King Sanjaya, who valiantly conquered the kings around him like “Raghu” erected a linga on the hill of Sthirangga for the safety of the people and Based on this inscription, the name of the temple where King Sanjaya founded the linga was Shiwalingga or Kunjara kunja. People around the temple call it Mountain Wukir Temple because it does not know the real name of the temple on Mount Wukir.

The visitor of Wukir Tample.

The journey to the Wukir Temple from the location of the Banon Temple in Borobudur only requires 30 minutes with a distance of 15 Km with smooth asphalt road conditions. After passing the 2 Salam state junior high school, then on the right there will be directions to the Gunung Wukir Temple. From the sign board, approximately 2-3 minutes will arrive at the residential village. The road to the village has been paved. Having to walk to the temple, the car was parked on the residents’ yard.

Being escorted by one of the residents of Canggal Hamlet (Budi), A trip to Wukir Temple from the hamlet which only takes 20 minutes, but had to pass uphill paths in the bamboo forest, and this rice field was fun, because various information about the Wukir temple from the hamlet residents can be excavated.

Wukir Temple mountain, even though it is located at an altitude of 300 meters above sea level, not a few tourists come to visit it, Budi added when explaining the number of tourists visiting the Gunung Wukir Temple.

The security post of Wukir Temple.

Wukir Temple mountain is a Shiva Hindu Temple. Inside the temple area, there is 1 main temple facing east, where inside the main temple the roof is gone, there is a Yoni that is larger than yoni in general. At the bottom of the yoni spout, there is still a dragon snake relief even though it is not intact.

In front of the main temple there are 3 pewara temples which are also not much different from the condition of the main temple that is not roofed and remains the temple’s foot. These three pewara temples face west. In Pewara 1 temple, there is also 1 yoni. And in Pewara 2 Temple there is 1 statue of Nandi. While in the pewara 3 temple, it is empty.

The Kala ornament in the Main Temple of Gunung Wukir Temple, apparently still exists even though the roof of the main temple of Gunung Wukir Temple, as a place to put the decoration at that time is gone. But it can still be seen when the shape is not so scary. Ornaments when the Gunung Wukir temple is kept at the Candi Sekuriti. Stored there because the decoration at the time of the temple is feared to be taken by irresponsible people. (MOKO)

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